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San Jose, Costa Rica

San Jose is the capital city of Costa Rica. San Jose is located in the center of Costa Rica, sprawling across the Central Valley. It is the focal point of economic and political activity, the seat of the government, and the main transportation focal point.

San Jose is one of the youngest capitals of Latin America, considering that it was founded in 1738. Approximately 346 thousand people currently inhabit the city. Officially, the city's current population is 346,799. San Jose has an elevation of 1,161 meters above sea level.

San Jose contains the headquarters of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. It also contains the University of Costa Rica, which was first established in 1843 with the name "University of Santo Tomas." San Jose also has the Juan Santamarķa International Airport.

History of San Jose, Costa Rica

Until 1824, San Jose was just a small village of not much importance. However, in that year Juan Mora Fernandez, Costa Rica's first elected head of state, moved Costa Rica's government from Cartago, the old Spanish capital.

San Jose developed rapidly throughout the later parts of the 20th Century. In 1950, the city had a population of only 86,900, about a forth of its current population.

Landmarks in San Jose, Costa Rica

The city of San Jose, Costa Rica, has the following noteworthy landmarks:

  • The Banco Central de Costa Rica
  • The Banco Nacional
  • The Sabana Metropolitan Park
  • The Central Park
  • The Plaza de la Cultura
  • The Teatro Nacional de Costa Rica
  • The Melico Salazar Theater
  • The Cathedral
  • The Clinica Biblica
  • The Pacific Train Station

Climate of San Jose, Costa Rica

Like the rest of the country, San Jose lies in the Torrid Zone. However, the elevation of San Jose causes it to have a mild climate. The temperatures in San Jose usually falls between 15C and 26C (59-79F). The rainy season begins in April and goes to late November. Of course, rainfall and cloudiness can occur anytime during the year. Relative humidity usually falls between 60% and 90%.

We hope this article answered all of your questions about San Jose, Costa Rica.

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